Reptiles of Madagascar —


Madagascar is home to more than 300 species of reptiles of which more than 90 percent are endemic (36 of the 64 genera found on the island are also found nowhere else). Madagascar's reptile fauna includes lizards, snakes, turtles and tortoises, and crocodiles.

Reptile species counts
for selected parks
according to ANGAP:
Protected AreaSpecies
Masoala60
Montagne d'Ambre59
Bemaraha50
Kirindy Mitea50
Marojejy49
Andasibe Mantadia39
Ranomafana36
Andringitra34
Tsimanampetsotsa34
Isalo33
Zombitse-Vohibasia33
Namoroka30
Maningoza27
Bemarivo24
Kasijy22
Ambohijanahary21
Marotandrano16
Ankarana15
Bora15
Madagascar's reptiles are as unusual as they are unique. The island lacks pythons, which are found in nearby Africa and throughout Asia, along with front-fanged venomous snakes. Equally strange, Madagascar's iguanid lizards and boas have their closest relatives in South America.

The uniqueness of the island's reptiles has resulted in widespread collecting for the exotic-pet trade. Some species of chameleons, geckos, and tortoises are threatened due to unsustainable collection.


LIZARDS
  • Geckos {Day geckos | Uroplatus | Other geckos}
  • Chameleons {True chameleons | Brookesia chameleons}
  • Skinks
  • Iguanids

    TURTLES & TORTOISES

    SNAKES

    CROCODILES

    REPTILE PICTURES




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