With its dramatic peaks, waterfalls, and unusual landscape, Andringitra is often called Madagascar's most scenic national park. Andringitra is also known for its biodiversity, including 78 species of amphibians, 50 species of reptiles, 54 species of mammals, 108 species of birds, and more than 1,000 species of plants.
Several operators offer camping tours in the park. Be prepared for long hikes and cold temperatures, especially at night.
Protected area status: National park
Year established: 1999
Location and Access: 47 km south of Ambalavao, 120 km south of Ranomafana
Climate: Wet tropical to montane forest to high altitude vegetation
Average temperature: 10-25�C*
Elevation: 650 to 2658 m
Precipitation: 130-400 cm*
Description: Andringitra is characterized by high mountains (peak 2658m), deep valleys, and ridges. Andringitra, one of the most biodiverse parks in Madagascar, is made up of three distinct ecozones: 1) low altitude rainforest, 2) montane mountain, and 3) highland vegetation/forest.
Crustaceans (Crayfish): 7
Elevation 650-800 m: Wet tropical forest with canopy of 25-30 m and dominated by Canarium madagascariense (Burseraceae) and Sloanea rhodantha (Elaeocarpaceae).
Elevation 1000 and 1200 m: transition zone between low altitude forest and montane forest (characterized by the presence of Podocarpus madagascariensis).
Elevation 1200-1625 m: Montane sclerophyllous forest characterized by 5-10 m canopy and an abundance of foams and lichens. Thickets of bamboos, Arundinaria and Nastus, along with Podocarpus madagascariensis (Podocarpaceae), Weinmannia (Cunoniaceae), Pandanus (Pandanaceae), and Symphonia (Clusiaceae) are found in this zone.
Higher elevation: Forests is replaced with a mosaic of stunted montane vegetation, lichens and rock exposures.
Dominant ethnic group(s): Betsileo
Official web page
Additional notes: Due to its elevation, Andringitra climate is variable and between August and May, the temperatures can fill below 0�.
The Tsara Camp lies in the Tsaranoro Valley with the Tsaranoro Mountain (800m) on one side and the giant mountain chains of Andringitra National Park on the other side. Accommodation is provided in ten tents, each with two simple beds, bedside-table and possibility to hang up clothes.