Madagascar has some of the highest biodiversity on the planet.

Of roughly 200,000 known species found on Madagascar, about 150,000 are endemic -- meaning they exist nowhere else. Unique to the island are more than 50 types of lemurs, 99% of its frog species, and 36 genera of birds. Madagascar houses 100% of the world's lemurs, half of its chameleon species, and 6% of its frogs (though none of its toads).

Some species found in Madagascar have their closest relatives not in Africa but in the South Pacific and South America.

You can learn more about the wildlife of Madagascar in the Wildlife of Madagascar Packet (PDF).

Parson's chameleon in Madagascar.

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