MADAGASCAR: SOCIETY


The following is excerped from the Country Studies--Area Handbook program of the U.S. Department of the Army. The original version of this text is available at the Library of Congress.
Full index of Country Studies-Madagascar


Madagascar

SOCIETY

Population: July 1994 estimate 13,427,758. Annual growth rate 3.19 percent in 1994. Density 2.4 per square kilometer in 1994.

Ethnic Groups: Some twenty ethnic groups of which principal ones are central highlanders (Merina and related Betsileo) and côtiers of mixed Arab, African, MalayoIndonesian ancestry. Other groups are Comorans, French, IndoPakistanis , and Chinese.

Languages: Malagasy belonging to Malayo-Polynesian language family; French also used extensively.

Religion: Estimated 55 percent hold indigenous beliefs; 40 percent Christian, evenly divided between Roman Catholics and Protestants; 5 percent Muslim.

Education and Literacy: Education compulsory for children ages six to fourteen; higher education available through University of Madagascar with six campuses. Literacy estimated at 80 percent in 1991.

Health: Economic decline has caused deterioration of medical services; 35 percent of population lacked adequate access to health services in early 1990s; infant mortality 114 per 1,000 in 1991. Major diseases malaria, schistosomiasis, tuberculosis, and leprosy as well as sexually transmitted diseases. Traditional medicine popular especially in rural areas.

Data as of August 1994

This is excerped from the Country Studies--Area Handbook program of the U.S. Department of the Army. The original version of this text is available at the Library of Congress.
Full index of Country Studies-Madagascar



Find a mistake? Want to submit pictures or content? Contact WildMadagascar.org



Home
About Madagascar
Maps
FAQs
People
History
Environment
Flora
Wildlife
Birds
Fish
Frogs
Invertebrates
Lemurs
Mammals
Reptiles
Places
Antananarivo
Conservation
ANGAP
Parks
Guides
News
Photos
Educational
Media resources
Store
Madagascar Travel
About the site
Mongabay.com [partner site]
Environmental news [partner site]
Rainforests [partner site]
Books
Links
Contact






WILDMADAGASCAR.ORG
WildMadagascar.org aims to raise interest in Madagascar, a land of cultural and biological richness

Madagascar
Madagascar Pictures
Madagascar News
People of Madagascar
About the site
Educational materials
Help Madagascar
In French







SUPPORT
You can help support wildmadagascar.org by using this link to buy from Amazon.com.


Beautifully illustrated with full color photographs throughout, Madagascar Wildlife is a celebration of the unique fauna of a remarkable island and the perfect accompaniment to Bradt's popular general travel guide, Madagascar.




This portable guide offers a full survey of all Madagascar's mammals, both endemic and introduced, including many newly identified species. With vivid color photographs, line illustrations, and maps, Mammals of Madagascar: A Complete Guide is an essential book for any visitor.


GEAR

  • Madagascar Wildlife T-shirt
  • Dancing lemurs T-shirt
  • Madagascar Chameleons Calendar
  • Madagascar wildlife bag



  • home | photos index | search | about | contact

    Unless otherwise noted, all content and images are the property of Rhett Butler, content copyright 2004-2012.
    All rights reserved.