Communications, Transportation, Military in Madagascar


   Communications    Madagascar
Telephones - main lines in use:
59,600 (2003)
Telephones - mobile cellular:
279,500 (2003)
Telephone system:
general assessment: system is above average for the region
domestic: open-wire lines, coaxial cables, microwave radio relay, and tropospheric scatter links connect regions
international: country code - 261; submarine cable to Bahrain; satellite earth stations - 1 Intelsat (Indian Ocean) and 1 Intersputnik (Atlantic Ocean region)
Radio broadcast stations:
AM 2 (plus a number of repeater stations), FM 9, shortwave 6 (2001)
Television broadcast stations:
1 (plus 36 repeaters) (2001)
Internet country code:
.mg
Internet hosts:
773 (2003)
Internet users:
70,500 (2003)
   Transportation    Madagascar
Railways:
total: 732 km
narrow gauge: 732 km 1.000-m gauge (2003)
Highways:
total: 49,827 km
paved: 5,780 km
unpaved: 44,047 km (1999 est.)
Waterways:
600 km (2004)
Ports and harbors:
Antsiranana, Antsohimbondrona, Mahajanga, Toamasina, Toliara
Merchant marine:
total: 9 ships (1,000 GRT or over) 14,865 GRT/17,936 DWT
by type: cargo 5, passenger/cargo 2, petroleum tanker 2
registered in other countries: 1 (2005)
Airports:
116 (2004 est.)
Airports - with paved runways:
total: 29
over 3,047 m: 1
2,438 to 3,047 m: 2
1,524 to 2,437 m: 4
914 to 1,523 m: 20
under 914 m: 2 (2004 est.)
Airports - with unpaved runways:
total: 87
1,524 to 2,437 m: 2
914 to 1,523 m: 42
under 914 m: 43 (2004 est.)
   Military    Madagascar
Military branches:
18 years of age (est.); conscript service obligation - 18 months (2004)
Military manpower - availability:
males age 18-49: 3,542,797 (2005 est.)
Military manpower - fit for military service:
males age 18-49: 2,218,662 (2005 est.)
Military manpower - reaching military age annually:
males: 187,000 (2005 est.)
Military expenditures - dollar figure:
$44.6 million (2004)
Military expenditures - percent of GDP:
1.2% (2004)
   Transnational Issues    Madagascar
Disputes - international:
illicit producer of cannabis (cultivated and wild varieties) used mostly for domestic consumption; transshipment point for heroin

This page was last updated on 17 May, 2005


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